Ancient Greece Tools and TechnologyStone-cutting tools:
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  • Crane


    The crane was invented by the Ancient Greeks in the late 6th century BC. The records show that no later than 515 BC, cool cuttings for lifting tongs and irons begin to appear on stone blocks of Greek temples. Since these holes suggest the use of a lifting device, the are suggested by archaeologists as the evidence required for the existence of the crane.
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  • Liquid-driven escapement
  • The earliest liquid-driven escapement was described by the Greek engineer Philo of Byzantium (3rd century BC). The model below describes how it works. Philo's comment that "its construction is similar to that of clocks" indicates that such escapement mechanisms were already integrated in ancient water clocks.
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  • Tumbler lock
  • Historians are unsure where the first lock was invented, but evidence suggests that locks developed in the Egyptian, Greek, and Roman civilizations.


  • Alarm Clocks


  • Watermill
  • The use of water power was invented by the Greeks: The earliest mention of a water mill in history occurs in Philo's Pneumatics.


  • Gimbal
  • The inventor Philo of Byzantium (280-220 BC) described an eight-sided ink pot with an opening on each side, which can be turned so that any face is on top, dip in a pen and ink it-yet the ink never runs out through the holes of the side.
File:Gyroscope operation.gif
File:Gyroscope operation.gif




  • Analog computer
  • The Antikythera mechanism is an ancient mechanical computer designed to calculate astronomical positions. It was recovered in 1900–1901 from the Antikythera wreck. Its significance and complexity were not understood until decades later. Its time of construction is now estimated between 150 and 100 BC.

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